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Tutorial #3, Part 1

In this tutorial, we are going to make the following basic card: 10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step10

Such a card is part of Example 4, second row of cards.

Prerequisites

This tutorial requires:

  • The "NM - Gonsboro" theme to be downloaded in the theme folder. It uses some color definitions from that theme.

Step 1: Create the yml view file

  • Create view-tutorial-03-part1.yml in the lovelace/views/sak-tutorial-views/ folder.
  • Add it to the sak-tutorials-dashboard.yaml in your root folder.

Step 2: Define the view basics, card, entities and layout

We are going to use a lux sensor. But you can use any other sensor, as long as it has history. So a temperature or humidity sensor is also ok.

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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:

Step 3a: Define card background

Actions:

  • Add a rectangle covering the card completely as a kind of card background.
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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:
            toolsets:
              - toolset: lux
                position:
                  cx: 50
                  cy: 50
                  scale: 1
                tools:
                  # Card Background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 50
                      width: 100
                      height: 100
                    styles:
                      rectex:
                        fill: var(--theme-gradient-color-01)

10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step3a

Step 3b: Define darker top part

Actions:

  • Add a second rectangle covering the top part of the card background.
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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:
            toolsets:
              - toolset: lux
                position:
                  cx: 50
                  cy: 50
                  scale: 1
                tools:
                  # Card Background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Top part
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 20
                      width: 100
                      height: 40
                    styles:
                      rectex:
                        fill: var(--theme-gradient-color-03)

10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step3b

Step 4: Add extra 'neck' background

Actions:

  • Add a third rectangle as a kind of neck
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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:
            toolsets:
              - toolset: lux
                position:
                  cx: 50
                  cy: 50
                  scale: 1
                tools:
                  # Card Background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Top part
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Neck to connect two parts
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 33
                      width: 80
                      height: 15
                    styles:
                      rectex:
                        fill: var(--theme-gradient-color-01)

10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step4

Step 5: Add background for State and Icon

Actions:

  • Add another rectex tool. This time with top_radius: 5 to get round corners at the topside of the rectangle.
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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:
            toolsets:
              - toolset: lux
                position:
                  cx: 50
                  cy: 50
                  scale: 1
                tools:
                  # Card Background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Top part
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Background for Name and Bar
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # State and Icon background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 18
                      width: 80
                      height: 16
                      radius:
                        top: 5
                    styles:
                      rectex:
                        fill: var(--theme-gradient-color-02)

10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step5

Step 6: Add state

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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:
            toolsets:
              - toolset: lux
                position:
                  cx: 50
                  cy: 50
                  scale: 1
                tools:
                  # Card Background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Top part
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Background for Name and Bar
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # State and Icon background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: state
                    position:
                      cx: 35
                      cy: 18
                    entity_index: 0
                    styles:
                      state:
                        font-size: 12em
                        font-weight: 700
                        fill: black
                      uom:
                        fill: black
                        font-weight: 700

10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step6

Step 7: Add vertical line as separator

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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:
            toolsets:
              - toolset: lux
                position:
                  cx: 50
                  cy: 50
                  scale: 1
                tools:
                  # Card Background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Top part
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Background for Name and Bar
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # State and Icon background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: state
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: state
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: line
                    position:
                      cx: 60
                      cy: 18
                      length: 10
                      orientation: vertical
                    styles:
                      line:
                        stroke: black
                        stroke-opacity: 0.5
                        stroke-width: 3

10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step7

Step 8: Add Icon tool

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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:
            toolsets:
              - toolset: lux
                position:
                  cx: 50
                  cy: 50
                  scale: 1
                tools:
                  # Card Background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Top part
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Background for Name and Bar
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # State and Icon background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: state
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: line
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: icon
                    position:
                      cx: 75
                      cy: 18
                      align: center
                      icon_size: 12
                    entity_index: 0
                    styles:
                      icon:
                        fill: black

10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step8

Step 9: Add entity name tool

Actions:

  • Add an entity name tool
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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:
            toolsets:
              - toolset: lux
                position:
                  cx: 50
                  cy: 50
                  scale: 1
                tools:
                  # Card Background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Top part
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # Background for Name and Bar
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # State and Icon background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: state
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: line
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: icon
                    # Removed for brevity
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: name
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 50
                    entity_index: 0
                    styles:
                      name:
                        font-size: 10em
                        font-weight: 700
                        fill: black

10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step9

Step 10: Finalize card by adding the history bar

Actions:

  • Add the bar tool to show 24 hour history (hours: 24) with 12 bars (barhours: 2, ie hours/barhours=12)
view-tutorial-03-part1.yml
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title: TUT-03-P1
path: tut-03-p1
theme: 'NM - Gonsboro'
panel: false
cards:
- type: vertical-stack
  cards:
    - type: horizontal-stack
      cards:
        - type: 'custom:swiss-army-knife-card'
          entities:
            # Lux
            - entity: sensor.illuminance
              decimals: 0
              icon: mdi:alarm-light-outline
              name: 'Study'
          aspectratio: 1/1
          layout:
            toolsets:
              - toolset: lux
                position:
                  cx: 50
                  cy: 50
                  scale: 1
                tools:
                  # Card Background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 50
                      width: 100
                      height: 100
                    styles:
                      rectex:
                        fill: var(--theme-gradient-color-01)
                  # Top part
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 20
                      width: 100
                      height: 40
                    styles:
                      rectex:
                        fill: var(--theme-gradient-color-03)
                  # Background for Name and Bar
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 33
                      width: 80
                      height: 15
                    styles:
                      rectex:
                        fill: var(--theme-gradient-color-01)
                  # State and Icon background
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: rectex
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 18
                      width: 80
                      height: 16
                      radius:
                        top: 5
                    styles:
                      rectex:
                        fill: var(--theme-gradient-color-02)
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: state
                    position:
                      cx: 35
                      cy: 18
                    entity_index: 0
                    styles:
                      state:
                        font-size: 12em
                        font-weight: 700
                        fill: black
                      uom:
                        fill: black
                        font-weight: 700
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: line
                    position:
                      cx: 60
                      cy: 18
                      length: 10
                      orientation: vertical
                    styles:
                      line:
                        stroke: black
                        stroke-opacity: 0.5
                        stroke-width: 3
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: icon
                    position:
                      cx: 75
                      cy: 18
                      align: center
                      icon_size: 12
                    entity_index: 0
                    styles:
                      icon:
                        fill: black
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: name
                    position:
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 50
                    entity_index: 0
                    styles:
                      name:
                        font-size: 10em
                        font-weight: 700
                        fill: black
                  # ---------------------------------------------
                  - type: bar
                    id: 2
                    entity_index: 0
                    position:
                      orientation: vertical
                      cx: 50
                      cy: 80
                      width: 70
                      height: 25
                      margin: 1.5
                    hours: 24
                    barhours: 2
                    styles:
                      bar:
                        stroke: grey
                        stroke-linecap: butt

The final result: 10-step-tutorial-03-part1-step10

Done!

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